Notes for Climate Matters
1 Christine Bowditch, “Getting Rid of Troublemakers: High School Disciplinary Procedures and the Production of Dropouts,” Social Problems 40, no. 4 (Nov., 1993): 493-509.

2 Virginia Costenbader and Samia Markson, “School Suspension: A Study with Secondary School Students,” Journal of School Psychology 36, no. 1 (1998): 59-82.

3 Ruth Ekstrom and others, “Who Drops Out of High School and Why? Findings from a National Study,” The Teachers College Record 87, no. 3 (1986): 356-373.

4 Tary Tobin, George Sugai and Geoff Colvin, “Patterns in Middle School Discipline Records,” Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders 4, no. 2 (1996): 82-94.

5 Russell J. Skiba and others, “The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment,” The Urban Review 34, no. 4 (2002): 317-342.

6 RJ Skiba and others, “Consistent Removal: Contributions of School Discipline to the School-Prison Pipeline” (2003).

7 Children’s Defense Fund, School Suspensions: Are they Helping Children (Cambridge, MA: Washington Research Project, [1975]).

8 William Drakeford, “Racial Disproportionality in School Disciplinary Practices,” Denver, CO: National Center for Culturally Responsive Educational Systems (2004).

9 Skiba and others, The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment, 317-342.

Notes for Quality Matters
1 The College Board, The Educational Experience of Young Men of Color: A Review of Research, Pathways and Progress. (New York, NY: The College Board, 2011)

2 The College Board, College Access and Success among High School Graduates Taking the SAT: African American Students. (New York, NY: The College Board, 2013b)

3 Lucy Barnard-Brak, Valerie McGaha-Garnett and Hansel Burley, “Advanced Placement Course Enrollment and School-Level Characteristics,” NASSP Bulletin 95, no. 3 (2011): 165-174.

4 Chrys Dougherty, Lynn Mellor and Shuling Jian, The Relationship between Advanced Placement and College Graduation. 2005 AP Study Series, Report 1. (Austin, TX: National Center for Educational Accountability, [2006]).

5 Kristin Klopfenstein, “Advanced Placement: Do Minorities have Equal Opportunity?” Economics of Education Review 23, no. 2 (2004b): 115-131.

6 Kristin Klopfenstein, “The Advanced Placement Expansion of the 1990s: How did Traditionally Underserved Students Fare?.” Education Policy Analysis Archives 12, no. 68 (2004a): n68.

7 George W. Moore and John R. Slate, “Who’s Taking the Advanced Placement Courses and how are they Doing: A Statewide Two-Year Study,” The High School Journal 92, no. 1 (2008): 56-67.

8 James H. VanSciver, “Closing the Diversity Gap in Advanced Placement Course Enrollment,” Multicultural Perspectives 8, no. 3 (2006): 56-58.

9 Gilman W. Whiting and Donna Y. Ford, “Multicultural Issues: Black Students and Advanced Placement Classes: Summary, Concerns, and Recommendations,” Gifted Child Today 32, no. 1 (2009): 23-26.

10 Dylan Conger, Mark C. Long and Patrice Iatarola, “Explaining Race, Poverty, and Gender Disparities in Advanced Course‐taking,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 28, no. 4 (2009): 555-576.

11 Patrice Iatarola, Dylan Conger and Mark C. Long, “Determinants of High Schools’ Advanced Course Offerings,” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 33, no. 3 (2011): 340-359.

12 Kristin Klopfenstein and M. Kathleen Thomas, “The Link between Advanced Placement Experience and Early College Success,” Southern Economic Journal (2009): 873-891.

13 Vincent J. Roscigno, Donald Tomaskovic-Devey and Martha Crowley, “Education and the Inequalities of Place,” Social Forces 84, no. 4 (2006): 2121-2145.

14 William H. Schmidt and others, “Content Coverage Differences Across Districts/States: A Persisting Challenge for US Education Policy,” American Journal of Education 117, no. 3 (2011): 399-427.